Kotlin Multiplatform vs Flutter vs React Native

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Generative AI has ushered in significant changes in various industries, with e-commerce emerging as a notable beneficiary. Through the utilization of generative AI in e-commerce, businesses can create unique content like product descriptions, images, and entirely new products, potentially revolutionizing e-commerce operations. Notably, predictions indicate that the generative AI sector is projected to reach a value of USD 110.8 billion by 2030, and it’s expected to account for 10% of all data generation by 2025, a remarkable increase from less than 1% in 2021, according to insights from Gartner.

When it comes to creating apps, there’s a competitive landscape with Flutter, React Native, and Kotlin Multiplatform. It’s advisable to gain an understanding of these three frameworks before making a decision on which one suits your needs best.

Kotlin Multiplatform: Pros and Cons

Kotlin Multiplatform represents an innovative cross-platform framework designed for the development of mobile applications, allowing for the creation of apps for Android, iOS, and Web platforms. This framework enables the use of a shared code base across all three platforms with only minor adjustments required.

What are the benefits of using Kotlin Multiplatform?

Kotlin Multiplatform stands out in comparison to frameworks like React Native or Flutter with its numerous advantages. Its primary strength lies in its efficiency, as it requires less code thanks to Kotlin’s brevity, unlike the verbosity associated with languages like Java. This translates into more time and focus on application logic rather than dealing with cumbersome boilerplate code, ultimately resulting in higher-quality software.

Furthermore, Kotlin Multiplatform offers the distinctive advantage of not relying on JavaScript as an intermediary between your application and the native platform. This eliminates any performance concerns when simultaneously running your app on both platforms. It accommodates the development of web and mobile applications concurrently, eliminating the need for disparate languages or frameworks for each.

An additional noteworthy benefit of Kotlin Multiplatform is its gentle learning curve for developers already well-versed in Java or C#, stemming from their regular use of these languages. Moreover, it provides increased flexibility in terms of UI design by employing XML layouts instead of JavaScript-based UIs, which is a limitation when working with native APIs.

Here is a compilation of companies that employ Kotlin in their software development:

  • Airbnb
  • Basecamp
  • Netflix
  • Evernote
  • Trello
  • Atlassian
  • Robinhood

Flutter: Pros and Cons

Flutter, introduced by Google in 2017, stands as React Native’s foremost rival in popularity at present. Although it may be relatively new in comparison to other native development platforms, it boasts a plethora of features and delightful surprises.

What are the benefits of using Flutter?

If you’re an app developer seeking a versatile solution for cross-platform app development that is user-friendly and boasts a thriving developer community, Flutter could be your ideal choice. This framework enables developers to create applications for multiple platforms without the need to manage separate projects. It supports the development of Android, iOS, and desktop apps compatible with Windows, macOS, and Linux.

Flutter employs Dart as its primary programming language, known for its swift compilation, robust tooling support, and contemporary programming capabilities. This language seamlessly integrates with existing codebases, making it adaptable atop Objective-C or Java code. Additionally, Flutter features a unique UI framework based on Google’s Dart language, facilitating the creation of captivating animations through an intuitive application programming interface (API).

One noteworthy advantage of Flutter is its compatibility with various integrated development environments (IDEs) and text editors, granting developers the flexibility to choose their preferred tools. It equips developers with a comprehensive suite of tools for establishing a development environment, platform integration, package creation, and app testing and deployment. The “hot reload” function permits rapid deployment and real-time results assessment, reducing the workload for developers. This accelerated development process ultimately leads to enhanced performance for native apps on all supported platforms.

Below is a compilation of notable organizations that have adopted Flutter for their mobile app development:

  • Google
  • Alibaba
  • Groupon
  • Toyota
  • CapitalOne
  • BMW
  • eBay
  • Square

React Native: Pros and Cons

React Native, an open-source JavaScript framework developed by Facebook, empowers developers to craft mobile applications that seamlessly run on multiple platforms, without incurring any licensing fees or royalties to Facebook.

What are the benefits of using React Native?

React Native offers several key benefits, making it an attractive choice, especially for startups seeking rapid prototype development without the need for an extensive engineering team. Its advantages include flexible UI design, cross-platform compatibility across iOS and Android, and a shortened time-to-market.

This framework follows a “learn once, write anywhere” paradigm, enabling developers to acquire a single set of tools to construct native mobile applications on various platforms. Compared to alternatives like Phone Gap or Xamarin, React Native’s extensive library of components significantly reduces development time.

The standout advantage of React Native is its capacity to efficiently repurpose much of the business logic code for different platforms, eliminating the necessity for multiple development teams to maintain separate applications for each platform.

While React Native has been in existence for several years, it maintains its popularity among startups because of the time and cost savings it offers. Today, it is not only utilized by Facebook but also by a multitude of other prominent companies, such as Airbnb, Uber, Discord, Skype, and Walmart.

Below is a compilation of companies employing React Native in their development:

  • Instagram
  • Salesforce
  • Coinbase
  • Uber Eats
  • Skype
  • Tesla

Which Framework Among These Three Should You Choose?

The choice of a development tool depends on two primary factors: your proficiency and the specific nature of the application you intend to build. It’s important to note that both React Native and Flutter offer the advantage of writing code once for mobile development, while Kotlin Multiplatform extends its support to web applications featuring JavaScript rendering capabilities.

Additionally, when making your decision, consider your coding experience and mobile language familiarity. If you have coding experience but lack knowledge of mobile programming languages, React Native, with its JavaScript foundation, would be a suitable option. On the other hand, if you possess expertise in web technologies and aspire to create a feature-rich user interface for iOS or Android, Flutter would be the ideal choice for your project.


React Native, Flutter, and Kotlin stand out as highly favored choices within the realm of mobile app development. React Native holds the position of the third most widely adopted framework among top US apps, coming right after Kotlin. Its popularity in the United States persists, as it underpins over 14.84% of the top 500 apps.

Kotlin, on the other hand, finds itself in the esteemed company of TikTok, Instagram, Microsoft OneDrive, and Google, commanding an impressive 15.99% market share. This versatile language has contributed to the creation of more than 131,000 diverse applications and boasts a staggering 298 billion downloads on a global scale.

Flutter has witnessed a meteoric rise in popularity over the past two years, and it is poised to potentially overtake React Native. In the annual survey conducted by Stack Overflow, Flutter secured the fifth position in the list of the most sought-after frameworks and libraries. I hope you have gained a wealth of knowledge. If you’re interested in learning more about technical topics, please visit our website.

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